UN General Assembly Resolution 3379
November 10, 1975

In 1975, following a conference in Mexico, the UN General Assembly approved the following resolution, supported by Arab, African and Soviet bloc states, asserting that Zionism is racism. Logically, this declaration nullified the UN resolutions that had brought about the creation of the State of Israel, and formally, it denied the right of self-determination to the Jewish people. The resolution was adopted against the background of Israeli economic cooperation (and probably defense cooperation) with the apartheid regime of South Africa. These ties were maintained in part with an eye to the well-being and safety of the large Jewish community of South Africa.

The resolution passed 72 to 35 with 32 abstentions. It evoked a memorable speech from the United States representative to the UN, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, who said,
The United States, rises to declare before the General Assembly of the United Nations and before the world that it does not acknowledge, it will not abide by, it will never acquiesce in this infamous act.

Fiery rhetoric to the contrary notwithstanding, the US did not veto a proposal the following month to seat the PLO as observers in the UN Security Council.
The practical effect of this resolution was to eliminate more or less permanently any residual moral influence of the United Nations on the Jewish Israeli public.

It gave great impetus to the most extreme Zionist politicians who asserted that Israel was completely surrounded by enemies and could never expect any justice from the international community, reminiscent of German propaganda prior to World War II. The "Zionist is Racism" resolution became the justification for establishment of new settlements in the West Bank and stymied attempts to further a negotiated solution. In 1991, following the collapse of the apartheid regime in South Africa and of the former Soviet Bloc, and against the background of the war against Saddam Hussein, this resolution was repealed. However, the same sentiment surfaced again at the Durban conference in South Africa in the summer of 2001.